FAQ & Research
Stabilized oxygen as a food supplement
Informations for scientists and experts.
- Questions & Answers on O4
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- Oxygen deficiency /therapy (Sorry, this information is available in German only)
(Sorry, this information is available in German only)
even with different stability!
The term “half-life” is used to describe an atom or molecule that is undergoing exponential decay. It is constant over the lifetime of the decaying entity. Described differently, the term "half-life" refers to any period of time in which a a molecule or atom falls by half of its “life” even if the decay is not exponential.
O1 is monatomic oxygen is also called “atomic oxygen” or “nascent oxygen”. It is a very powerful oxidizer. It is only found in the exosphere (aka. outer space), where radiation keeps it from bonding with anything it can come into contact with. The single atoms of monoatomic oxygen tend to quickly bond with nearby molecules. On the Earth's surface it does not exist naturally for very long.
The common allotrope of elemental oxygen on Earth is called “dioxygen” or “diatomic oxygen”. The chemical symbol is “O2”. This is the form that is used by complex forms of life, such as animals, in cellular respiration and is the form that is a major part of the Earth's atmosphere. This molecule is stable and has an indefinite half-life. (The natural oxygen we breathe is actually a mixture of three stable isotopes: oxygen-16 comprising 99.759 percent, oxygen-17 comprising 0.037 percent, and oxygen-18 comprising 0.204 percent. these isotopes have half-lives no longer than about 124 seconds).
Singlet oxygen is (1O2). It is a highly reactive molecule that exhibits a half-life time in water of ~3.5 μs.
Singlet oxygen is the common name used for an electronically excited state of molecular oxygen (O2), which is less stable than the normal triplet oxygen (O3). Because of its unusual properties, singlet oxygen can persist for over an hour at room temperature.
Trioxygen (O3) is usually known as “ozone” or “diradical triplet oxygen” and is a very reactive allotrope of oxygen that is damaging to lung tissue. Ozone is produced when ultraviolet light or an electric spark passes through air or oxygen. It is a toxic gas that creates free radicals. The half life is approximately 30 minutes. It quickly breaks down to dioxygen (O2) and monoatomic oxygen (O1).
The existence of the metastable molecule tetraoxygen (O4) was confirmed in 2001 . It was proven in 2006 that this molecule, created by pressurizing O2 to 20 GPa, is in fact a rhombohedral O8 cluster. This cluster has the potential to be a much more powerful oxidizer than either O2 or O3.
(Metastable refers to an energy state where a molecule or atom is in equilibrium at a higher than ground state and where this state can change as it interacts with other molecules or atoms.)
Stability is the tendency of a material to resist change or decomposition (i.e. due to chemical reaction or exposure to light or heat).
O4 Stabilized Oxygen is stable, but can lose its efficacy under certain conditions.
The oxygen molecules in O4 Stabilized Oxygen will become unstable when they come into contact with metal (like a stainless steel spoon) or when combined with organic matter (food).
Therefore, use a plastic spoon when stirring and always take O4 Stabilized Oxygen no less than 30 minutes before or one hour after eating.
Independent analysis verifies there are no molecules of chlorine dioxide and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in O4 Stabilized Oxygen.
Yes. O4 Stabilized Oxygen does not contain any artificial ingredients, coloring ingredients, or chemical preservatives.
There are only three ingredients in O4 Stabilized Oxygen: Distilled water, sea salt and polyatomic tetraoxygen molecules.
“pH” means the "potential of Hydrogen" and is the measurement of the hydrogen ion concentration in a solution. The scale runs from "0" to "14". The lower the pH value, the higher the ion concentration and vice versa. An “alkaline” solution will have a pH that is between 7 and 14. An "acidic" solution will have a pH between 0 and 7. Water, the universal solvent, has a neutral pH of 7.
O4 Stabilized Oxygen is slightly alkaline and has a pH of about 7.3. Stabilized Oxygen solutions with a pH below 5.0 and above 9.0 can potentially damage the skin and tissues in the mouth and esophagus.
O4 Stabilized Oxygen is the only nearly neutral and pH balanced oxygen supplement available today.
Are you sure this isn’t something made up just to convince usthat O4 Stabilized Oxygen is “different” or “unique”?
No. The existence of polyatomic oxygen is fact of physical chemistry. Isotopes of oxygen differ with regard to the number of neutrons within the atoms (i.e. the composition of subatomic particles in an atom).
Allotropes of oxygen differ with regard to the structure of the oxygen atoms (i.e. how the atoms are arranged). The naturally occurring stable isotopes of oxygen are 16O, 17O, and 18O, with 16O being the most abundant (99.762%). The allotropes of oxygen include: Dioxygen (O2), the form of oxygen that we breathe; Trioxygen (O3), commonly known as ozone; and Tetraoxygen (O4).
The existence of the metastable O4 molecule was confirmed in 2006 and research indicates that this allotrope has the potential to be a much more powerful oxidizer than either O2 or O3.
Independent tests have clearly demonstrated that O4 Stabilized Oxygen kills test organisms on contact, even when diluted as much as seven times.
The outer cytoplasmic membranes of unicellular pathogens are composed of lipids, proteins, and lipoproteins. These membranes act as a diffusion barrier for water, ions and nutrients. Research indicates that the membranes are actually a lipid matrix containing randomly distributed globular proteins that penetrate through the lipid bilayer. It is this high lipid content of the cell walls of these pathogenic bacteria that may explain their sensitivity, and eventual destruction, when exposed to oxygen molecules. Oxygen molecules penetrate these cellular envelopes and affect the cytoplasmic integrity as well as disrupt the metabolic activity of these pathogenic organisms.
The oxygen in O4 Stabilized Oxygen breaks down the bacterial cell envelope through the oxidation of the phospholipids and lipoproteins.
In fungi, O4 Stabilized Oxygen oxygen inhibits cell growth at certain stages. With viruses, the O4 Stabilized Oxygen oxygen damages the viral capsid and disrupts the reproductive cycle by disrupting the virus-to-cell contact with peroxidation. The weak enzyme coatings on cells that make them vulnerable to invasion by viruses make them susceptible to oxidation and elimination from the body, which then replaces them with healthy cells.
The oxygen in O4 Stabilized Oxygen has a soothing and calming effect on the skin.
It can help reduce redness and swelling and bring almost instant relief to sunburn or any other first-degree burn.
Oxygen is a fundamental ingredient in helping to repair damaged skin.
It is essential in creating elastin and collagen, the protein fibers that make up the supporting structure of the dermis.
Oxygen is also a topical biocidal and can help reduce inflammation and redness that may be caused by harmful bacteria.
Can O4 Stabilized Oxygen be used to helppreserve the quality of water stored for emergency purposes?
We recommend adding .25 ounces of O4 Stabilized Oxygen for every gallon of stored water. Every 60-90 days, add an additional .5 ounces per five gallons to help control microorganisms and algae buildup.
If the temperature of the stored water exceeds 80ºF/27ºC, then additional O4 Stabilized Oxygen should be added every 30 days.